There are Many different types of Divination. Here is a long but NOT complete list. For further information there is a Divination Class available.
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Acutomancy is a form of divination by sharp or pointed objects, such as needles. The diviner allows a number of these sharp or pointed objects (usually seven) to fall onto a table or any other appropriate flat surface. He then reads from the patterns they make.
Aeromancy (also known as Nephelomancy) is divination by atmospheric phenomena. This would include winds, comets, storms, clouds, shooting stars, thunder and lightening. Even today such visions cause speculation and sometimes consternation among human viewers. The word ‘areo’ is Greek for air or wind.
Alectromancy is divination by a cock, rooster or hen. Draw a circle, and write in succession round it the letters of the alphabet, on each of which lay a grain of corn. Then put a cock in the centre of the circle, and watch what grains he eats. The letters will prognosticate the answer. Libanius and Jamblicus thus discovered who was to succeed the emperor Valens. The cock ate the grains over the letters t, h, e, o, d = Theod [orus].
Aleuromancy is divination using fortune cookies’; answers to questions are rolled into balls of dough and once baked are chosen at random. This method is practiced mainly in the monasteries or by individual lamas of Tibet.
Amniomancy is divination by using the caul. The Caul is a membrane that sometimes covers the head of a child at birth. It was once thought of as a preservative against drowning in the sea, so consequently seamen sought after the caul. Cauls were usually preserved and worn about the neck as a talisman or sold as charms. This is particularly true for the Italian culture, even today. It is said that if the caul's color is red then happy days or good fortune were ahead for the child, but if it is lead-colored then misfortune laid in the child's path. Being born with a caul is very rare, probably less than 1 in 1000 births, these days.
Apantomancy is divination by the chance sighting or birds or animals. A classic example is the founding of Mexico City on the spot where ancient Aztec Diviners and soothsayers saw an eagle flying from a cactus plant carrying a live snake. This is represented in the Mexican coat-of-arms of today. It is considered by some to be a bad omen for a black cat to cross your path. In ancient Rome it was a good omen for a she-goat to cross your path.
Astrogancy is divination of the visual appearance of stars: their relative brightness and position on the horizon being the primary factors.
Astrology is divination by planets and stars. It is evident that the Egyptians knew and used astrology many thousands of years before the time of Christ. The principle behind Astrology is that by studying the position of the planets, their relationships to each other one can interpret the inner nature of people and situations, and predict the future course of events. Modern astrology also makes use of the three outer planets visible only by telescope as well as a number of asteroids.
Austromancy is divination by the study of the winds and interpreting cloud shapes. CLOUD GAMES
Automatic Writing (also known as Planchette Writing) is divination thru ‘doodling’. This is when someone writes or draws things without being aware of doing it or of what he is writing. In the interpretation, look for numbers, letters, symbols, or pictures.
Belomancy is divination by tossing or balancing arrows. Labels are attached to the arrows, and the advice or oracle tied to the one that travels farthest is taken as valid. Another method is to throw arrows into the air, and the direction in which they inclined as they fell, pointed out the course to be taken by the inquirer.
Bibliomancy is divination according to the weight of the Bible. The person in question was weighed and if he weighed less than the Great Bible of the local Church he was innocent. Another method used by the Christians was the practice of using the Bible in order to get to know what God has in store for individuals or groups, not by reading the biblical text but by using it as an oracle.
Botanomancy is divination by herbs. Usually vervain (any of a group of herbs or low woody plants with often showy heads or spikes of five-parted regular flowers) and/or brier (a plant with a thorny or prickly woody stem) were used, and the questions for which answers were sought, had to be carved upon the branches prior to their burning. Another method is to write words on leaves that were exposed to the wind. The leaves left contained the response.
Cartomancy is divination by using playing cards or tarot cards. The Tarot seems to have made its first appearance in Europe in the 1300’s AD. Some say that the tarot was brought to Europe from Egypt by returning crusaders; others hold that the cards were invented in the aristocratic courts of Italy and still others hold that the cards were carried to Europe by the wandering Romany or Gypsy tribes. The earliest description of a Tarot deck, written by Frater Johannes von Rheinfelden in 1377 AD describes only the four suits of the Minor Arcana. The Major Arcana cards make their first appearance in the early 1400s AD with the Visconti-Sforza cards. The pictures on the cards are allegorical, representing forces of nature and the virtues or vices of man. Interpretations and ways of determining the meanings of the cards vary greatly. The symbology of the tarot can be traced to the ancient Greeks as well as to the myths and legends of other ancient cultures.
Cartopedy (also known as Pedomancy) is a Persian divination method using feet much like palmistry uses the hands. The size, shape and form of the entire foot are taken into consideration in addition to the lines. This is still a serious science in India and Pakistan. Cartopedists are sought in matters of marriage, jobs and even solving crimes.
Casting bones is a method of divination by, you guessed it, bones. Portuguese missionary Joao dos Santos made reference to their use in Mozambique in 1607. The Chinese people during the Shang dynasty (traditionally 1766 BC to 1122 BC) believed that certain bones were able to answers man's questions and predict the future. Questions asked by the diviners concerned such matters as sacrifices, weather, war, hunting, travel, and luck. The bones were heated to produce cracks from which ‘yes or no’ answers were somehow derived. Another way to use bones is to inscribe them with animals that have human characteristics. Those animals most commonly used were: Anteater, Baboon, Bird, Chameleon, Elephant, Hare, Hyena, Lizard, Antelope and turtle.
Catoptromancy (also known as Caloptromancy and Enoptromancy) is divination by using a mirror that was turned to the Moon to catch the lunar rays, or more commonly known today as a Magick Mirror. The sought after answers usually appeared in characters of blood on the face of the moon, or rather, in its reflection on the mirror. This practice was derived by the Thessalian sorceresses from the Persians who wanted to establish their religion and mystical rituals in the countries that they invaded. In ancient Rome those who used these mirrors were called Specularii
Ceromancy (also known as Ceroscopy) is divination by molten wax dropped into water. The diviner will ‘see’ the images produced. This technique was very popular in the 18th century when melted wax was frequently used for sealing letters.
Clairvoyance is divination by ‘second sight’. Clairvoyance means 'clear-seeing' in French. This is the ability to perceive objects or people that cannot be discerned through the normal senses. In clairvoyance we 'see' with what is commonly called the 'third eye'.
Crystallomancy (also known as Crystal Gazing) is divination by a crystal. John Dee (1527 to 1608) was one of the greatest scryers in history. He was an English mathematician and astrologer and adviser to Queen Elizabeth I on occult matters. Dee's crystal was a small globe of rock crystal or sometimes Dee used a mirror of obsidian. The actual scrying method of Enochian magic was recorded in Dee's diary Libri Mysteriorum.
Dowsing (also known as Radiesthesia and Rhabdomancy) is divination by using a forked stick or wires. The Diviner would be seeking underground materials, minerals or more commonly, water. Dowsing is also used to locate lost objects, missing persons, murder victims, and to diagnose illnesses. The ancient Egyptians and Chinese used dowsing, and during the Middle Ages in Britain and Europe it was a common technique for finding coal deposits. When the dowser finds the right location, the dowsing stick begins to twitch in the dowser's hand, sometimes violently. The American Society of Dowsers defines dowsing as "the name given to a quest for information, with or without the assistance of a device.”
Graphology is the study or science of interpreting hand writing, handwriting analysis, involve character and personality traits. Aristotle claimed that he could define a person’s soul from studying his handwriting.
Halomancy is divination by salt. The name Halomancy comes from the Greek words halo (salt) and manteia (divination). It is divination by watching the patterns salt makes as it falls from your hands.
Horoscopy is divination by means of a horoscope. A Horoscope is an astrological chart or map which shows the exact position of the planets at any given moment. Most often this is a map of the heavens at the time of one's birth, showing the position of the heavenly bodies in relation to the 12 houses or signs through which they pass and their positions in relation to each other.
Hydromancy (also known as Hydrascopy and Ydromancy) is divination by water, including the color, ebb and flow, or ripples produced by pebbles or stones dropped in a pool.
Lampadomancy is divination by observing the single flame of a candle or oil lamp. Both the Egyptians and Babylonians scryed by means of an oil lamp. The lamp itself was in fact a stone shaped as a low open dish with a strip of white linen coiled in the oil that had an end hanging over the end of the dish. The Egyptians used clear Oasis oil that was a kind of palm oil and a lamp that was red in color.
Leconomancy is divination by observing the shape that oil poured on water makes.
Libanomancy is divination thru the behavior of incense smoke. The outcome of this Divination is based on many factors: which way the smoke goes (left, right, up or down); if the flame burns smoky or not; if the smoke goes in all directions or is fragmented. Practiced by the ancient Babylonians in roughly 2000-1600 BC.
Necromancy is the practice of communicating with the spirits of the dead and dates back to Persia, Greece and Rome. In Greece and Rome the evocation of the dead took place especially in caverns, or in volcanic regions, or near rivers and lakes, where the communication with the abodes of the dead was thought to be easier. The spirits are sought because the earthly plane no longer limits them, being without physical bodies. Therefore, it is thought these spirits have access to information of the past and future that is not available to the living. Necromancy is not to be confused with conjuring devils or demons for help.
Numerology (also called Arithmancy and Arithmomancy) is divination by numbers, dates and the number values of letters. It is concerned with the science of correspondences between gods, men and numbers, as taught by Pythagoras. This theory is based on the idea that the universe is mathematically constructed, and all things can be expressed in numbers, which correspond to vibrations. Pythagoras believed from certain observations in music, mathematics, and astronomy, that all relations could be reduced to number relations. The Chinese, the Chaldeans, the Hebrews, the Greeks and the Romans used this practice.
Oneiromancy is divination by dreams. The most famous dream interpretation book is the ‘Oneirocritica’ by the Greek soothsayer Artemidorus Daldianus who lived in the second century AD. The method used by the Egyptians was recorded in the Greek magical papyri which were written between 200 B.C. to 500 A.D. In Ancient Greece the priestess of the Temple of Apollo would use herbs to induce dream-like states during sacred festivals. During these altered states the priestess would tell of their visions containing weird imagery, puzzles and ciphers. Everything in the dream is a symbol according to Carl G. Jung, "dreams are neither deliberate nor arbitrary fabrications; they are natural phenomena which are nothing other than what they pretend to be. They do not deceive, they do not lie, they do not distort or disguise. In symbolic form, dreams picture the current situation in the psyche from the point of view of the unconscious."
Onomancy is divination by the letters of a name. There were two cardinal rules in the science of Onomancy: the first concerned the vowels within a man's name. If there was an even number in the name, then there was something amiss in his left side. If there was an uneven number, this signified a similar affliction in his right side. The second rule involved the numeral numbering of all the letters within a name. This rule was often used to predetermine the winner of two combatants.
Oomantia, Ooscopy and Ovomancy are all methods of divination by the outer and inner forms of the eggs. One method was to break the egg into a glass of water and interpret the shapes assumed by the white.
Ouija Boards usually consist of the letters of the alphabet, 0-9 in numbers and the words, "Yes" and "No." The user or users of the board lightly touch a pointer (sometimes called a planchette) and the pointer moves and spells out the answers to questions asked of the ouija. Usually this pointer is mounted on castors to help it move freely about the board. Ouija Boards became very popular in the 1960's. The earliest known patent for a talking board in the patent offices in London, England was filed by Adolphus Theodore Wagner in 1854. It was in 1891 that a patent was granted to Elijah J. Bond on the first modern Ouija Board.
Palmistry (also known as Cheiromancy) is divination by reading the lines and aspects of the hand. This is a form of Physiognomy. The lines of the hand are analyzed to determine future events in an individual's life. It includes the whole hand: palm, nails, shape, color and texture.
Pendulmn is divination using an object suspended on a thread or string used to answer questions. The questions usually can be answered by ‘yes’ or ‘no’.
Psychometry is the ability to perceive the characters, surroundings, and events connected with a person by holding an object belonging to that person in ones hands. It is generally speculated the faculty existed in ancient times but it was first named and discussed in the modern age by J. Rhodes Buchanan, an American scientist, in 1842. The term is derived from the Greek words 'pschic' (soul) and 'metron' (measure) and signifies ‘soul-measuring’, or ‘measurement of the human soul.’ Buchanan's theory was based on the belief that every thought, action, and event that has ever occurred since the beginning of time has left an impression on ether. This impression will never be erased during what is considered as time.
Pyromancy is divination by fire. This involves several techniques: how the flame was formed, bending of the flame, sudden extinction, or throwing objects into the flames.
Runes are a system of divination by symbols carved or drawn on a separate piece of material, usually either wood or stone. They are thrown or cast onto a flat surface. The reader can then look at the cast and, depending on the position of the runes, understand the message being sent. The term rune is derived from the Indo-European root, ‘ru’, which means ‘mystery or secret’. Runic symbols have been found carved on rocks dating from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages.
Seances are a meeting of open-minded individuals and a psychic gathered in a large circle with the expressed purpose of trying to communicate with the ‘spirit’ of a deceased person. The psychic is the point of initial contact. The spirit is often felt by those within the circle through subtle feelings of touch, pain and temperature change. The energy of the group acts as a power source or battery by supplying the structure and medium needed by a Spirit to make contact with this ‘other’ world.
Scrying is divination by looking or gazing into a crystal ball, calm lake, flame, mirror or even a glass surface. The outcome relies on the reader's own intuition and ability to read the energies of the universe directly. One of the Babylonian techniques was called the "Princess of the Thumb". A scryer anointed the forehead and thumbnail of a subject. The shiny nail acted as a magic mirror in which the scryer saw spirits. The most detailed examples of oil scrying are written in the Greek Magical Papyri written in Egypt between 200 B.C. and A.D. 500.
Tasseography (also known as Tasseomancy) is divination by tea leaves or coffee grounds. The Diviner interprets the images he sees formed by the leftover tea leaves. These images can consist of letters, numbers, designs, straight or wavy lines, or any number of shapes resembling animals or objects. Images near the top of the cup represent events or situations that will come to pass in the near future, while the farther toward the bottom the images appear, the more distant the event, and the larger the image, the more significance it will have. This method of divination is strongly associated with Gypsies or the Romany people. To read coffee grounds, you will of course need to prepare the coffee in such a way that there are grounds to read. If you are at a coffee house, the residue from a cappuccino will work nicely, just make sure the cup is not so tall that you can't see clearly all the way to the bottom.
Theomancy is divination by oracles. This is a method by which the Gods are consulted through a human medium. There were many established oracles in ancient Greece, the most famous being those of Zeus at Dodona, Apollo at Delphi and Didyma in Asia Minor. Other oracular shrines were located in Syria, Egypt, and Italy. The word ‘oracle’ is also used to refer to the response itself and to the shrine of a god.
Zoomancy is divination by observing the behavior and appearance of animals. Another type of Zoomancy was predictions from the appearance of imaginary or psychic animals, such as unicorns, sea-monsters, or salamanders.